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Not even a word was spoken about some political or cultural successes of Ottoman Empire. I would mention just a few interesting details. Approaching the end of essay, I would like to pay attention to efforts aiming to curtail these stereotypes, efforts which give their first results in revision of textbooks, changed views towards the national past, more critical and more historical approach to the problem of Ottoman reign V.

It remains, as dominant idea, that historiography is national discipline, aiming in producing patriotic emotions. Analysis was made using history textbooks. Corovic, Istorija SrbaNis Grubac, Istorija za 7. Istorija naroda JugoslavijeII, Beograd Are or were the Macedonians Serbs? Perovic, M Strugar, Istorija za 7.

Neuropsihijatrija Za 4 Razred Ss

Novakovic, Istorija za 3. It also supports the mythical character of the question. I was in a position to use these materials by kindness of D.

All these questions are involved with or without serious reason in this problem, involved by historians, politicians, scientists, common people making almost inevitable the fact that it is impossible to make chronological frame within razrred be precisely defined duration of Ottoman period of Serbian history.

Taken as a whole, the picture of the Turks turns out as dominantly negative, mostly because of sharp qualifications. Following simplified pattern of political, cultural, and economic backwardness, corruption and anarchy, all textbooks support the idea that the Ottomans disabled development of the Serbs for centurieswhile other European peoples were developing their culture and economy.


First edition M. Textbooks for the first four grades of elementary education give even more vivid picture of cruel and uncivilized otherness.

Kuljic, Prevladavanje proslostiBeogradp. When describing historical reasons for migrations toward the North, author puts the emphases over the torture done by the Turksbecause of Serbian insurrections and participation in the wars against the Ottomans organized by Christian forces.

I will not enter the discussion about ideological changes clearly evident, but some of them are to be mentioned. This, let me say, spiritual yoke is mirrored, as it is mostly acceptedin low level of social life of the state, spreading from corruption and backwardness in the economy and administration, over the entirely peculiar, oriental taste in the music, up to the unclean public water closets.

My intention is to explain the mythical characteristics of the problem such defined, to show how it functions as a myth. They are usually the only source of information for lots of people, accordingly and most influential. See references in the end of the text. Sparavalo, Istorijska citanka za 7. Such situation in politics and historiography is fertile ground for speculations and manipulation of these who are used to mythologize, aiming on creation of public consciousness.

According to one it was every year, another believes that it was in every fifth, and maybe in every seventh year. But from historical point of view it is a serious problem, reflecting the whole range of unsolved national crises, crises of identity, territorial and ethnical feuds.

In the lesson about protection of nature sic! Why Is This a Myth? Without intention to be cynic or to diminish its importance, it should be honest and confess that, except the general remarks about severity of the Turks, nothing about devshirme is understandable for the students.


It is particularly emphasized in history textbook for the first grade of gymnasium. For period after the World War the Second I consulted two [8] textbooks used in the period betweenfor elementary school, and three textbooks used from to nowadays [9]. Examples are numerous, and it is impossible to mention them all.

Authors of the textbooks are not even informed about how frequently devshirme took place and also where. The idea of disturbing, undesirable and dangerous otherness is the dominant idea in portrayal of Ottoman government, the Turksin history textbooks in Serbia. I am inclined to look for these characteristics in many aspects: Excerpts from the sources refers mostly to sufferings and unbearable terror over the Christians.

After negative experience with Hungarian and Austrian authorities, lots of the Serbs, settled in southern Hungary, got back to Turkey, where they found themselves in a better position.

Given in the simplest interpretation, the myth could be displayed as such: This textbook allows to get more measured picture about Ottoman period, but more emotional, too, when compared with textbooks from period after The World War the Second, including modern textbooks. Of course, it cannot be explicitly presented in History textbooks, but raxred happens, for instance, in Geography textbook [12] for III grade of gymnasium, which is my favorite one?

Čitanka za VIII razred gimnazije – Ghent University Library

But, through the rational use of natural and social potentials, our citanak has good conditions for development. Even if having been finished, historically, somewhere deep in history? If accepted, these interpretations introduce one logical question: